The decision made by the Government in August 2017 to open passenger rail transport to competition means that in the 2020s, VR’s exclusive right to the provision of rail transport services in the Finnish rail network will be discontinued. In order to ensure competitive passenger rail transport, three state-owned companies will be separated from the VR Group Ltd: a rolling stock company, a maintenance company and a real estate company. Opening passenger rail transport to competition will take place in stages. Transport services will be tendered out based on a concession contract model, which will ensure the availability of passenger rail services throughout Finland.
In its previous statements, the FCCA has supported the opening of passenger rail transport to competition and considers the decisions made by the Government significant for the promotion of healthy and functioning competition in passenger rail services. In its statement on the tendering of commuter train traffic, the FCCA expressed that in addition to tendering based on a concession contract model, the possibility of unrestricted access should be considered at least for long-distance train traffic.